A TOOL TO SHARE MONGOLIA’S EXPERIENCE IN DEMOCRACY AND MARKET ECONOMY WITH EMERGING DEMOCRACIES PDF
International Cooperation Fund
Mongolian President Tsakhia Elbegdorj initiated the establishment of the International Cooperation Fund with the objective to share Mongolia’s experience in democracy and market economy with emerging democracies. Also the Government Action Plan for 2012-2016 stipulates that “Mongolia shall establish a Fund to share its experiences of democracy, human rights and market economy with other developing countries and emerging democracies”.
In the past two decades, Mongolia has been learning and advancing democracy at home. As a responsible member of the international community, Mongolia is committed to contribute to addressing global and regional issues. With a view to supporting emerging democracies, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) established International Cooperation Fund of Mongolia (ICF) according to the amendments to the Law on Government Special Funds made by the Parliament on 8 February 2013.
The statute of the ICF was adopted under a Government Resolution No. 115 passed on 30 March 2013. According to the Statute the operation of the fund shall be administered by a Council consisting of seven members.
The ICF Council is chaired by the Minister for Foreign Affairs. Other members of the Council include the Foreign policy advisor to the Prime Minister and the Foreign policy and national security advisor to the President. The remaining members of the Council are appointed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs from among high level officials from the National Security Council and the MFA.
The ICF is an important tool to advance and implement Mongolia’s foreign policy objectives in compliance with in the Concept of National Security and Foreign Policy Concept, that is to strengthen the country’s role and contributions internationally as a means of diplomatic soft power policy through sharing of its experiences of transition to democracy and democratic process, expanding bilateral cooperation with countries in the region and providing development and technical support for emerging democracies.
The IFC Statute states that the ICF will be financed through the state budget, grants and contributions from various development partners including foreign governments and international organizations as well as from domestic and foreign private enterprises, organizations, and individuals.
The resources of the ICF shall be used for the following scope of activities:
- Organization of international conferences in Mongolia to promote democracy, human rights and good governance,
- Share experiences and lessons learnt with new and emerging democracies,
- Organization of seminars and trainings for diplomats and public officers from developing countries, in cooperation with other international and regional organizations,
- Send national experts in democracy, human rights and good governance to the relevant international events.
In accordance with the other donor countries’ development cooperation and technical assistance projects/ programs, activities of the International Cooperation Fund of Mongolia have been developed being initially aimed at countries such as North Korea, Myanmar, Kyrgyzstan and Afghanistan. Mongolia started sharing its experiences in building effective parliamentary democracy and legal reform with Kyrgyzstan; Afghan diplomats and civil servants have been trained; media workers, journalists, civil servants and opposition activists from Myanmar were hosted in the country.
Mongolia stands ready to cooperate with many other countries striving to build democracy, including improving their electoral systems.